Collagen is a protein that comprises of amino-acids, which are in turn made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Collagen consists of the following specific amino acids: Proline, Arginine, Glycine and Hydroxyproline.
Making up about 30% of the proteins found in the body, collagen comprises of strong and tough structures that are found all over the body including the bones, ligaments and tendons.
Collagen forms part of the connective tissue in the skin which aids in providing skin with suppleness, firmness and constant renewal of cells in the skin.
Collagen as a product
As a product, collagen is derived from a non-water soluble protein found in the connective tissue of animals and marine life. Collagen may be used topically as an excellent ingredient for binding water to the skin, thereby retaining its natural hydration to keep it looking plump and soft.
As a film-former, collagen is able to hold many times its own weight in water, thereby protecting the skin from moisture loss. It is this property that makes collagen an ideal ingredient for use in creams and lotions for all types of skin.
Collagen production decline
As we age, the production of collagen in the body slows down and the structures of the cells weaken. This causes the skin to become thinner and susceptible to damage, the skin also wrinkles and sags.
Collagen helps to provide the skin with structure and protect it by preventing the absorption and spread of pathogens, micro-organisms, cancerous cells and environmental toxins. Collagen is therefore vital for the elasticity of your skin.